In treating of this subject, I shall not venture upon any conjectures of my own, but shall deliver simply what I ﬁnd either in the Fathers
of the Church, or in such theologians as the Church has recognised, namely, Bellarmine, Lessius, Malvenda, Viegas, Suarez, Ribera, and others. First, then, what is the revolt? In the original it
is called daroa'rao'ia, ‘an apostasy,’ and in the Vulgate, discessio, or ‘a departure.’ Now a revolt implies a seditious separation from some authority, and a consequent opposition
to it. ... this revolt or apostasy is a separation, not from the civil, but from the spiritual *order and authority; for the sacred
writers, again and again, speak of such a spiritual separation. ...